Polotsk was first mentioned in the ancient Slavic chronicle of the "Tale of Bygone Years" under the year 862. The city as a shopping center of the Slavic-Krivichs tribes is located traditionally for all ancient Slavic cities - in the place where two sister rivers merge - the Western Dvina and the Polota River, which gave the name to the city. During its history, Polotsk experienced ups and downs. In the 10th-12th centuries Polotsk was the capital of the principality - the largest in Eastern Europe, was a member of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Russian and Zhemojtian from 1307 to 1569, then lived more than two centuries in the Commonwealth, from the end of the 18th century the city was a part of the Russian Empire. Polotsk changed its status many times, starting with the capital of the Polotsk principality, it became a city of regional subordination of the Vitebsk region, but its historical and spiritual significance places it in a range of the oldest Slavic cities - Pskov, Novgorod and Smolensk. The city retained its metropolitan grandeur and rich heritage.
At present, Polotsk is a city of regional subordination of the Vitebsk region and a regional center of sovereign Belarus, the fourth most populated city in the Vitebsk region after Vitebsk, Orsha and Novopolotsk. Polotsk is a historical, cultural and spiritual center, the cradle of Belarusian statehood, its rich heritage is a powerful means of comprehending the past and present, the spiritual elevation of the individual.
During your stay in the city you will meet its unique history, architectural and archaeological monuments, will meet life and work of outstanding people.